dimanche 4 août 2019

Debian 9 -> 10 Ugrade report

I upgraded my laptop and VPS to Debian 10, as usual in Debian everything worked out of the box, the necessary daemons restarted without problems.
I followed my usual upgrade approach, which involves upgrading a backup of the root FS of the server in a container, to test the upgrade path, followed by a config file merge.

I had one major problem, though, connecting to my php based Dokuwiki subsole.org website, which displayed a rather unwelcoming screen after the upgrade:

I was a bit unsure at first, as I thought I would need to fight my way through the nine different config files of the dokuwiki debian package in /etc/dokuwiki

However the issue was not so complicated: as  the apache2 php module was disabled, apache2 was outputting the source code of dokuwiki instead of executing it. As you see, I don't php that often.

A simple
a2enmod php7.3
systemctl restart apache2

fixed the issue.

I understood the problem after noticing that a simple phpinfo() would not get executed by the server.

I would have expected the upgrade to automatically enable the new php7.3 module, since the oldstable php7.0 apache module was removed as part of the upgrade, but I am not sure what the Debian policy would recommend here, or if I am missing something else.
If I can reproduce the issue in a upgrade scenario, I'll probably submit a bug to the php package maintainers.

samedi 8 juin 2019

PowerShell on Debian

I heard some time ago that Microsoft released their interactive and
scripting language PowerShell under an opensource license (MIT) but I completely missed that they were providing a repository and ready to use packages for your favorite distribution.

Anyway an apt-get away and that's it:

New-Object net.sockets.tcpclient("libera.cc", 80) opens a TCP connection to a target host, a quick way to test if a port is open ( look for Connected: True for a successful socket creation)

dimanche 17 mars 2019

Splitting a large mp3 / flac / ogg by detecting silence gaps

If you have a large audio file coming for instance from a whole music album, the excellent mp3splt can do this for you:

mp3splt -o @n-@f -s my_long_file.mp3

will autodetect the silences, and create a list of tracks based on the large file.

mp3splt is  available in the Debian / Ubuntu archive.

mardi 20 novembre 2018

Normalize a bunch of audio files to the same loudness

I had a bunch of audio files in a directory, each recorded live with different devices, and it proved very ear-painful to hear the audio files in a playlist because of the difference of loudness.
To normalize audio filesm  you can find a number of tool working with ID3 tags, but after testing with vlc, mplayer, and the pogo mp3 player none of them did produce a measurable change. So I converted everything to wav, normalized the wav files, then converted back to mp3.

delete funny chars and spaces in file names
detox music_dir
converting files to wav is just a matter of
# this uses zsh recursive globbing
for file in **/*.mp3 ; do ffmpeg -i $file  "$(basename $file .mp3).wav"; done

normalizing files with the normalize-audio program, from the debian package of the same name.
# this uses zsh recursive globbing
normalize-audio **/*.wav
converting back to mp3
for file in **/*.wav ; do ffmpeg -b:a 192k -acodec libmp3lame -i $file "$(basename $file .wav).mp3"; done

dimanche 2 septembre 2018

Test if your microphone input is working from the command line on Linux

arecord -vv /dev/null

That's it. Now clap your hand and observe the ascii vumeter.

mercredi 25 juillet 2018

Inspecting an Atari ST hard disk image with Unix / Linux tools

GNU libparted has Atari partition table support since two years ago. For this you will need the disktype and parted programs. Any good Unix should have those (I use Debian GNU/Linux)

Let us try this with a disk image I used for my Ultrasatan device, for example st_mint
wget http://www.subsole.org/static/retrocomputing/st_mint-0.7.img.zip
Unzip the disk image
unzip st_mint-0.7.img.zip
 Inspect the diskimage with the disktype program, an excellent disk analysis tool.
disktype st_mint-0.7.img

--- st_mint-0.7.img
Regular file, size 600 MiB (629145600 bytes)
ATARI ST partition map
Partition 1: 128.0 MiB (134201344 bytes, 262112 sectors from 4, bootable)
  Type "BGM" (Big GEMDOS)
  FAT16 file system (hints score 3 of 5, ATARI ST bootable)
    Unusual sector size 4096 bytes
    Volume size 127.9 MiB (134119424 bytes, 16372 clusters of 8 KiB)
Partition 2: 384.0 MiB (402666496 bytes, 786458 sectors from 262116)
  Type "MIX" (Unknown)

Notice the two partitions, first one is of type BGM, the second one is a Minix partition.

Print the partition table parted (this will output some warnings if running as non-root)
parted st_mint-0.7.img print
Partition Table: atari
Disk Flags: 

Number  Start  End    Size   Type     File system  Flags
 1      2048B  134MB  134MB  primary               boot
 2      134MB  537MB  403MB  primary

 Print the partition table with the begin and end of each partition being printed in bytes we will need this to create the loopback devices
parted  st_mint-0.7.img -- unit b print
Partition Table: atari
Disk Flags: 

Number  Start       End         Size        Type     File system  Flags
 1      2048B       134203391B  134201344B  primary               boot
 2      134203392B  536869887B  402666496B  primary

 Now using the beginning and end of each partition in bytes from the line above, create the /dev/loop devices corresponding to each partition:
sudo losetup --find --offset 2048 --sizelimit 134201344 --verbose st_mint-0.7.img

This should give a loopback device
losetup --all
/dev/loop3: []: (/home/manu/Téléchargements/st_mint-0.7.img), offset 2048, sizelimit 134201344
Now let us do a file check on the partition
sudo fsck.vfat /dev/loop3 
fsck.fat 4.1 (2017-01-24)
/dev/loop3: 217 files, 966/16372 clusters
and mount it
sudo mount /dev/loop3 /mnt

looks an Atari ST system inside
ls /mnt
file /mnt/APPS/QED/QED.APP 
/mnt/APPS/QED/QED.APP: Atari ST M68K contiguous executable (txt=189972, dat=16234, bss=103214, sym=0)

when your work is finished, unmount the partition and detach the loop device from the disk image
sudo umount /mnt
sudo losetup --detach /dev/loop3 

vendredi 20 juillet 2018

Generating a visual history of a git repo

If you haven't met it yet the gource programm really rocks: it generates a OpenGL rendered graph of all the commits of a git project.

You can see the video on real time just by calling the command gource in your git repo, or generate a video of it by piping to ffmpeg

This is the command line I used to generate my own video:

gource --hide filenames --hide files --title "the history of pmc" -s 0.1 --highlight-users -1280x720 -o - | ffmpeg -y -r 60 -f image2pipe -vcodec ppm -i - -vcodec libx264 -preset ultrafast -pix_fmt yuv420p -crf 1 -threads 0 -bf 0 gource.mp4